SPACE WEATHER - a state of near-Earth space and the upper atmosphere at any given period of time, that determined by active phenomena on the sun.
Changing conditions on the surface of the Sun, the rate (intensity) of the solar wind, leads to changing conditions in the magnetosphere and ionosphere which can affect reliability and onboard and ground-based technological systems and endanger the lives and health of people.
Data coming from
extensive network of reference stations Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS), which provide information on the total electron content of the ionosphere;
3 magnetic observatories (Kiev, Odessa and Kharkiv), and 2 MCSM Variometers (Mayin and Kam''yanets'-Podil's'kyy);
ionosonds and neutron monitors from low-frequency observatories in Dymer Kiev region. and Martov Kharkiv region (RI NASU);
2 small-aperture acoustic groups MAAG 1 and 2 (Mayin and Kam''yanets'-Podil's'kyy);
- analysis of samples of natural radionuclides for the presence of Beryllium isotope (Be-10 Be-7) in Regional Centre for special monitoring and observation sites “Gorodok” and "Malin";
- analysis of data from international centers of space weather forecasting;
Solar cosmic rays - protons, electrons, nuclei, formed in flares on the sun and reached Earth's orbit after interaction with the interplanetary environment;
Storms and substorms in magnetosphere - caused by the advent to the Earth of interplanetary shock wave associated with a coronal mass ejection and correcting areas of cooperation, and with high-speed streams of solar wind;
Ionizing electromagnetic radiation – of solar flares, causing additional heating and ionization of the upper atmosphere;
Growth of stream of relativistic electrons in the outer radiation belt of the Earth associated with the coming to earth of high-speed solar wind streams.